Tteokbokki | 떡볶이
Origin - Korea
Tteokbokki is a spicy Korean “snack” food that uses white cylinder-shaped rice cakes and a thick peppered sauce as its base. The spiciness varies, but typically it is on the spicier side in Korean cuisine. The sauce consists of spicy gochujang (chili paste) and fish stock which will thicken further as it is stirred with the rice cakes. Fish cakes, scallions, and boiled eggs are some of the most commonly added ingredients.
[ History ]
The history of tteokbokki brings us to many controversies about its real origin but according to bibliographic data, the first tteokbokki in Korean history appeared in a cookbook in the late Joseon dynasty. Tteokbokki also was found in a medical records book, written by a medical officer in the Joseon dynasty, which purpose was to cure people through food.
While the modern version of tteokbokki is red and spicy, the original version was plain and brown. However, after the introduction of gochujang (chili paste) and the independence of Korea from the Japanese in the 1950s, tteokbokki became red and spicy.